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Present Simple:

Positiv: Negativ: Question:
I sing.   I don't sing. Do I sing?
He sings.   He doesn't sing Does he sing?
They sing  They don't sing. Do they sing


Present Progressive:

Positiv: Negativ: Question:
I am singing.  am not singing. Am I singing?
He is singing. He isn't singing. Is he singing?
They are singing.  They aren't singing. Are they singing


Past Simple: 

Positiv: Negativ: Question:
I sang.   I didn't sing. Did I sing?
He sang.   He didn't sing Did he sing?
They sang  They didn't sing. Did they sing


Past Progressive: 

Positiv: Negativ: Question:
I was singing.  wasn't singing. Was I singing?
He was singing. He wasn't singing. Was he singing?
They were singing.  They weren't singing. Were they singing


Present Perfect: 

Positiv: Negativ: Question:
I have sung.  haven't sung. Have I sung?
He has sung. He hasn't sung. Has he sung?
They have sung.  They haven't sung. Have they sung


Present Perfect Progressive:

Positiv:
have been singing.
He has been singing.
They have been singing.
Negativ: 
I haven't been singing 
He hasn't been singing. 
They haven't been singing.
Question:
Have I been singing?  
Has he been singing?  
Have they been singing?


Past Perfect:

Positiv: Negativ: Question:
I had sung.  hadn't sung. Had I sung?
He had sung. He hadn't sung. Had he sung?
They had sung.  They hadn't sung. Had they sung


will Future: 

Positiv: Negativ: Question:
I will sing.  won't sing. Will I sing?
He will sing. He won't sing. Will he sing?
They will sing.  They won't sing. Will they sing


going to Future: 

Positiv:
am going to sing.
He is going to sing.
They are going to sing.
Negativ: 
I am not going to sing. 
He isn't going to sing.
They aren't going to sing.
Question:
Am I going to sing?  
Is he going to sing?  
Are they going to sing? 


Signalwörter:


Present Simple: every day, sometimes, usually, seldom, often, never, ... 

Present Progressive: Look!, Listen! now, at the moment, ...

Past Simple: yesterday, last week/month/day/year, ago, in 1985, ...  

Past Progressive: when, while

Present Perfect: already, just, yet, for, since, ever, never, recently, up to now, ... 

Present Perfect Progressive: since, for, the whole day/week, all day

Past Perfect: after, before, ... 

will Future: hopefully, think, maybe, perhaps, expect, probably, worry,...

going to - Future: sure, know, certain, ...

 

Verwendung:


Present Simple: 
regelmäßige, wiederholte Handlungen, Naturgesetze, 
 
Present Progressive: 
Handlung passiert jetzt im Moment.
 
Past Simple:
abgeschlossene Handlung in de Vergangenheit, Erzählzeit
 
Past Progressive:
while = zwei lange gleichzeitig abgeschlossene Handlungen in Vergangenheit
when = eine lange Handlung wurde von einer kurzen Handlung in der Vergangenheit unterbrochen.    
         
Present Perfect: 
Handlung hat in der Vergangenheit begonnen und dauert noch an. Resultat ist wichtig. 
 
Present Progressive: 
Handlung hat in der Vergangenheit begonnen und dauert noch an. Zeitablauf ist wichtig.
 
Past Perfect:
Von zwei Handlungen in der Vergangenheit, die zeitlich vorgelagerte.                   
 
will Future: 
Vorhersage eines zukünftiges eher unsicheres Ereignisses.
 
going-to Future:
bestehende sichere Ausführung eines Plans.