Bildung:


Bilde alle Zeiten mit I-he-they/sing:

Present Simple:

Positiv: I sing.                        He sings.                    They sing.          

Negativ: I don't sing.              He doesn't sing.         They don't sing.

Question: Do I sing?              Does he sing?            Do they sing?

 

Present Progressive:

Positiv: I am singing               He is singing.                   They are singing.          

Negativ: I am not singing.       He isn't singing.               They aren't singing.

Question: Am I singing?         Is he singing?                   Are they singing?

 

Past Simple: 

Positiv: I sang.                        He sang.                    They sang.         

Negativ: I didn't sing.              He didn't sing.            They didn't sing.

Question: Did I sing?              Did he sing?               Did they sing?

 

Past Progressive: 

Positiv: I was singing             He was singing.                  They are singing.          

Negativ: I wasn't singing.       He wasn't singing.              They aren't singing.

Question: Was I singing?       Was he singing?                 Are they singing?

 

Present Perfect: 

Positiv: I have sung.            He has sung.                  They have sung.      

Negativ: I haven't sung.       He hasn't sung.              They haven't sung.

Question: Have I sung?       Has he sung?                 Have they sung?

 

Present Perfect Progressive:

Positiv: I have been singing.           He has been singing.             They have been singing.   

Negativ: I haven't been singing       He hasn't been singing.         They haven't been singing.

Question: Have I been singing?     Has he been singing?             Have they been singing?

 

Past Perfect:

Positiv: I had sung.            He had sung.                  They had sung.      

Negativ: I hadn't sung.       He hadn't sung.              They hadn't sung.

Question: Had I sung?       Had he sung?                 Had they sung?

 

will Future: 

Positiv: I will sing.                    He will sing.            They will sing.          

Negativ: I won't sing.               He won't sing.         They won't sing.

Question: Will I sing?              Will he sing?            Will they sing?

 

going to Future: 

Positiv: I am going to sing.               He is going to sing.       They are going to sing.   

Negativ: I am not going to sing.       He isn't going to sing.    They aren't going to sing.

Question: Am I going to sing?          Is he going to sing?       Are they going to sing?

 

Signalwörter:


Present Simple: every day, sometimes, usually, seldom, often, never, ... 

Present Progressive: Look!, Listen! now, at the moment, ...

Past Simple: yesterday, last week/month/day/year, ago, in 1985, ...  

Past Progressive: when, while

Present Perfect: already, just, yet, for, since, ever, never, recently, up to now, ... 

Present Perfect Progressive: since, for, the whole day/week, all day

Past Perfect: after, before, ... 

will Future: hopefully, think, ...  

going to - Future: sure, know, ... 

 

Verwendung:


Present Simple: regelmäßige, wiederholte Handlungen, Naturgesetze, 

Present Progressive: Handlung passiert jetzt im Moment.

Past Simple: abgeschlossene Handlung in de Vergangenheit, Erzählzeit

Past Progressive: while = zwei lange gleichzeitig abgeschlossene Handlungen in Vergangenheit
                             when = eine lange Handlung wurde von einer kurzen Handlung in der Vergangenheit 
                             unterbrochen.                  
         
Present Perfect: Handlung hat in der Vergangenheit begonnen und dauert noch an.
                           Resultat ist wichtig. 
 
Present Progressive: Handlung hat in der Vergangenheit begonnen und dauert noch an.
                                  Zeitablauf ist wichtig.

Past Perfect: Von zwei Handlungen in der Vergangenheit, die zeitlich vorgelagerte.                   

will Future: Vorhersage eines zukünftiges eher unsicheres Ereignisses.

going-to Future: bestehende sichere Ausführung eines Plans.