Bildung:


Im Past Simple wird das Passive gebildet mit:
was/were + Past Participle
 

Personalformen:


Bilde alle Passivformen von "catch":

1.P.EZ.: I was caught

2.P.EZ.: you were caught

3.P.EZ.m.: he was caught

3.P.EZ.w.: she was caught

3.P.EZ.s.: it was caught

1.P.MZ.: we were caught

2.P.MZ.: you were caught

3.P.MZ.: they were caught

 

Beispielsätze:


a) Singular:

Aktive: He told a story.

Passive: A story was told by him.

Passive Question: Was a story told by him?

Negation: A story was not told by him.

b) Plural:

Aktive: They built two cottages

Passive: Two cottages were built by them.

Passive Question: Were two cottages built by them?

Negation: Two cottages were not built by them.

 

Sätze mit 2 Objekten = 2 Lösungen:


Verben, die zwei Objekte erlauben/verbs that may take two objects:bring, give, offer, show, tell, write, allow, ask...

Beispiel:

Aktive: She gave me a present

Passive I: I was given a present by her.

Passive II: A present was given to me by her.

 

Aktive: She wrote him a letter. 

Passive I: He was written a letter by her.

Passive II: A letter was written to him by her.