Bildung:


Im Present Simple wird das Passive gebildet mit:

am/is/are + Past Participle

 

Bildung Personalformen:


Bilde alle Passivformen von "invite":

1.P.EZ.: I am invited

2.P.EZ.: you are invited

3.P.EZ.m.: he is invited

3.P.EZ.w.: she is invited

3.P.EZ.s.: it is invited

1.P.MZ.: we are invited 

2.P.MZ.: you are invited

3.P.MZ.: they are invited

 

Beispielsätze:


a) Singular:

Aktive: He tells a story.

Passive: A story is told by him.

Passive Question: Is a story told by him?

Negation: A story is not told by him.

 

b) Plural:

Aktive: They build two cottages.

Passive: Two cottages are built by them.

Passive Question: Are two cottages built by them?

Negation: Two cottages are not built by them.

 

Modals Verbs:


Aktive: You must do your work.

Passive: Your work must be done.

Aktive: We can't find the book.

Passive: The book can't be found.

Aktive: I may sell my old car.

Passive: My old car may be sold by her.

 

Sätze mit zwei Objekten = 2 Lösungen:


Verben, die zwei Objekte erlauben/verbs that may take two objects:
bring, give, offer, show, tell, write, allow, ask...

Vor der Personalform wird bei Bildung des Passivs durch das andere Objekt ein "to" gesetzt

Aktive: She gives me a present

Passive I: I am given a present by her.

Passive II: A present is given to me by her.

 

Aktive: She writes him a letter. 

Passive I: He is written a letter by her.

Passive II: A letter is written to him by her.