Verwendung:


Das Passive Voice verwendet man, um die Handlung in den Vordergrund zu stellen.
Die handelnde Person spielt hier Gegensatz zum Aktiv nur eine untergeordnete Rolle.

 

Bildung:


Form von "to be" + 3. Form des Verbs. 
 
Das Objekt wird zum Subjekt, Subjekt wird zum by-Objekt
Object becomes subject, subject becomes objects
 
Zeitergänzungen werden am Anfang oder am Ende des Satzes gestellt.
Expression of times at the end or the beginning of the sentence.
 

Alle Zeiten:


Aktiv: He buys a new house.

Passive Voice:

Present Simple: A new house is bought by him.

Present Progressive: A new house is being bought by him.

Past Simple: A new house was bought by him.

Past Progressive: A new house was being bought by him.

Present Perfect: A new house has been bought by him.

Past Perfect: A new house had been bought by him.

Will Future: A new house will be bought by him.

Going-to Future: A new house is going to be bought by him.

 

no by object:


Wenn die handelnde Person nicht wichtig ist, entfällt die Nennung der handelnden Person:  
If the acting person is not important, or we use no by object:
z.B. bei somebody, nobody, people, ...
 
Aktive: Somebody broke the window.
Passive: The window was broken.
 

Modalverben:


Aktive: You must do your work.

Passive: Your work must be done.
 
Aktive: We can't find the book.
Passive: The book can't be found.
 
Aktive: She could see the problems.
Passive: The problems could be seen by her.
 
Aktive: I may sell my old car.
Passive: My old car may be sold by her.
 

Sätze mit 2 Objekten = 2 Lösungen:


Verben, die zwei Objekte erlauben/verbs that may take two objects:

bring, give, offer, show, tell, write, allow, ask...

Beispiel:

Aktive: She gave me a present

Passive I: I was given a present by her.

Passive II: A present was given to me by her.